Classic predatory birds used for the falconry are the hawks properly said (order Hawk) as well as the sparrowhawks, and the goshawks (order Accipiter). From the functional point of view, typical hawks are predatory hawks of high fly, eligible for dizzy swoops upon high open spaces while the sparrowhawks and the goshawks are wood hunter, very able manoeuvrer capable to show them in incredible wave in and out inside places full of obstacles. Subsequently, real hawks are gifted of hooked wings, similar to those of common swifts, while the sparrowhawks and the goshawks, pronounced in Falconry predatory hawks of low fly, they has got the typical large and round wings of the bids well gifted of acrobatic capabilities. The hawks, anyhow, can be distinguished from the sparrohawks and the goshawks, also by babe in arms, because they have black eyes instead of yellow eyes.
In both groups, as it happens on the other hand in every predator, the females of the breed are neatly bigger and stronger than the males. More popular than the other hawks is the peregrin falcon (long 40-52cm; spread of wings 85-110cm) that is also one of the more rapid.
The peregrin falcon hunts only birds on the wing, to the size of a pheasant and, to swoop, according to some observers can reach the incredible speed of 350km/h.
Little bigger and less airy are the lanner falcon (very rare in Europe an more common in Africa, the Asian laggar falcon, the oriental saker, the American hawk of the open grassland and the northern gyrfalcon, with the feather of a variable colour from grey to immaculate white. This last one (longed 53-62cm, spread of wings 105-130cm) and the bigger falcon is one of the outrun, also if its hunter techniques are not only airy as those of the peregrin falcon. Another two breeds most little, the American kestrel and the hobby, can be teached and are also used for the hunter against little birds but not only exclusively adapt for catching the pheasants partridges or ducks instead are more common preys of the hawks that flies high.
Among the predators of low fly, the powerful goshawk can also catch hares, rabbits and even weasels and stats an ermines and is particularly cute against the woodpigeons hat is chases also in a dense wood. The most little sparrowhawk an instead a real expert against the starlings, the thrushes and the blackbirds. These raptors (known as hawks of low fly because they hit the preys also on the ground, while the airy hawks as the peregrin hunter only in the air) are more simple to train and to manage because, for flying, they do not need more wide spaces as the real hawks.
For the falconry have been used also exotic raptors with middle and big dimensions, and also buzzards and eagles (these last one, particularly, by the Asian Kazakhes), all birds that nevertheless are not gifted o the extraordinary charge of the hawks of high fly neither of the goshawks nor of the sparrowhawks that are less used for this purpose.